全民英檢 2008/09/15

全民英檢秘笈

郭岱宗(英文系副教授)

一、假設語氣複習

1.假設語氣只能用於「全無可能」的情況

之下。

2.假設語氣的文法變化如下:

動詞往過去退一步(假設現在的狀況,用過去式)

(假設過去的狀況,用過去完成式had+P.P.)

(未來難以絕對預料,不能用正統的假設語氣,所以用Should放在動詞前面,表示「居然……」的口氣)

二、運用練習:

現在假設

如果我有時間,我就會去。

↑ ↑

have改為had will改為would

If I had time, I would go.(但是我現在沒有時間,所以用假設)

過去假設

我昨天如果有時間,就會去了。

↑ ↑

had 改為 had had Would go 改為would have gone

If I had had time yesterday, I would have gone.

(但是我昨天沒有時間,所以用假設)

未來假設

明天如果太陽從西邊出來,我就嫁給你。

↑ ↑

rise改為should rise will改為would(也是往過去式進一步)

If the sun should rise from the west tomor row, I would marry you.

三、文法→片語練習題

1.如果我有那個知識和技術,我就會教你了

↑ ↑ ↑

have改為had know-how will改為would

(現在假設)

2.如果我生在富裕之家,今天的我就不一樣了

↑過去假設 ↑

born with a silver spoon will be different 改

↑ in my mouth. 為would be diffent

(現在假設)

was born 改為had been born

(過去假設)

(過去假設+現在假設)

3.這些參加者來自各行各業。

↑ ↑

participant all walks of life

(普通語態)

4.我多麼希望我唱歌不會走音。

↑ ↑

How I wish can carry a tune

can改為could

(現在假設)

5.我希望我昨天沒笑場!

keep a straight face

本來過去式是kept因為是假設語氣,所以改為had kept.

(但是忍不住,還是笑場了,很尷尬)

四、答案

1.If I had the know-how, I would teach you.

2.If I had been born with a silver spoon in my mouth, I would be different today.

3.Those participants come from all walks of life.

4.How I wish I could carry a tune.

5.I wish I had kept a straight face yesterday.

NO.723 | 更新時間: 2011/07/07 | 點閱: 1081 | 下載:

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