瀛苑副刊 2008/04/28

全民英檢秘笈

●郭岱宗(英文系副教授)

1.一句話可以單獨成立的,叫做主要子句或獨立子句。

2.一句話雖然不能獨立成為一個句子,但是因為有主詞和動詞,所以可叫做子句

3.子句分為兩種:形容詞子句和副詞子句形容詞子句:形容人或物副詞子句:不形容人或物,而是獨立出來,通常做為背景、時間、條件。

※各位讀者必須能夠迅速鎖定主要子句,才能正確使用動詞文法,並可立刻看懂原文。

一、題目(請找出以下的主要子句(亦稱為獨立子句)及從屬子句)

1.If you know who he is, you should tell us.

2.Larry, who felt disappointed, left early.

3.People who have learned English in the right way already speak and write fluently.

4.The weather changed when you came.

5.While you were singing, the dog barked loudly.

6.She is the one who likes you.

7.Although there are many rumors about him, he ignores them and stays honest with himself.

8.Helen is a small girl who can solve all problems.

9.Those who see your beauty are wise.

10.The one who sees your beauty is wise.

二、答案

1.主要:You should tell us.

從屬:if you know who he is

解析:這一句的從屬子句是if子句,所有的if子句都是副詞子句。

2.主要:Larry left early.

從屬:who felt disappointed

解析:這一句的從屬子句在形容主詞Larry,所以是形容詞子句。

3.主要:People already speak and write fluently.

從屬:who have learned English in the right way.

解析:這一句的從屬子句在形容主詞people,所以是形容詞子句。

4.主要:The weather changed

從屬:when you came

解析:這一句的從屬子句沒有形容任何人或物,而獨立出來表示時間,所以是副詞子句。

5.主要:The dog barked.

從屬:while you were singing

解析:這一句的從屬子句並沒形容人或物,而是獨立出來表示時間,所以是副詞子句。

6.主要:She is the one

從屬:who likes you

解析:這一句的從屬子句形容主詞補語the one,所以是形容詞子句。

7.主要:He ignores them and stays honest with himself

從屬:although there are many rumors about him

解析:這一句的從屬子句並沒形容人或物,而獨立出來表示狀況,所以是副詞子句。

8.主要:Helen is a smart girl

從屬:who can solve all problems

解析:這一句的從屬子句形容主詞補語smart girl,所以是形容詞子句。

9.主要:Those are wise

從屬:who see your beauty

解析:這一句的從屬子句在形容主詞those,所以是形容詞子句。

10主要:The one is wise

從屬:who sees your beauty

解析:這一句的從屬子句在形容主詞the one,所以是形容詞子句。

NO.713 | 更新時間: 2011/07/21 | 點閱: 1219 | 下載:

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